Class Year

2013

Date

4-29-2013

Document Type

Thesis

Distinguished Thesis

Yes

Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Department or Program

Psychology

First Advisor

Verena Bonitz

Second Advisor

Kathryn Dohrmann

Third Advisor

Desmond Odugu

Fourth Advisor

Naomi Wentworth

Abstract

High school dropout is a pressing issue in the United States as 7.1% of all 16 to 24 year olds in the United States are high school dropouts (U.S. Department of Commerce, 2012). To create effective dropout prevention programs, we must understand the factors that contribute to this national crisis. Two factors that play a role in educational outcomes are achievement motivation and performance. The purpose of this study was to test a model, based on SCCT and EVT, which predicts high school dropout from self-efficacy, performance, and subjective task value. The model was tested through the statistical analysis of a large-scale national data set, ELS, with a sample size of 15,753. The findings indicated that performance, compared to self-efficacy and subjective task value, most strongly predicted later high school dropout.

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