Class Year




Document Type


Degree Name

Bachelor of Arts (BA)

Department or Program

Sociology and Anthropology

First Advisor

Ahmad Sadri

Second Advisor

Gizella Meneses

Third Advisor

Holly Swyers


The rise of Islamophobia in France has been a hot topic of discussion in recent years. This thesis will explore its precedence in the Dreyfus Affair of 1880s and attempt to understand it as an incidence of the French sociologist, Emile Durkheim's, concept of Collective Effervescence. For the last twenty years, a debate about “the Muslim problem,” and the idea that Islam will always clash with the French values, has divided the French public sphere. The same type of phenomenon has happened during the Dreyfus Affair more than a hundred years ago, but the national debate was on the position of Jews in France. During the Dreyfus Affair, Durkheim interprets this phenomenon of the French society as an act of collective effervescence. In this project, we are testing if the issue of Islamophobia in France today qualifies as an act of collective effervescence, allowing us to better understand this phenomenon.

Included in

Sociology Commons